A stagecoach is a four-wheeled public coach used to carry paying passengers and light packages on journeys long enough to need a change of horses. It is strongly sprung and generally drawn by four horses. Widely used before steam-powered rail transport was available a stagecoach made long scheduled trips using stage stations or posts where the stagecoach’s horses would be replaced by fresh horses. Coachmen carried letters, packages, and money, often transacting business or delivering messages for their customers. Coaches with iron or steel springs were uncomfortable and had short useful lives. Two men in Concord, New Hampshire, developed what became a popular solution. They built their first Concord stagecoach in 1827 employing long leather straps under their stagecoaches which gave a swinging motion.
What was is like to ride one? In his 1861 book Roughing It, Mark Twain described the Concord stage’s ride as like “a cradle on wheels”. Around twenty years later in 1880 John Pleasant Gray recorded after travelling from Tucson to Tombstone on J.D. Kinnear’s mail and express line:
That day’s stage ride will always live in my memory – but not for its beauty spots. Jammed like sardines on the hard seats of an old time leather spring coach – a Concord – leaving Pantano, creeping much of the way, letting the horses walk, through miles of alkali dust that the wheels rolled up in thick clouds of which we received the full benefit … It is always a mystery to the passenger how many can be wedged into and on top of a stagecoach. If it had not been for the long stretches when the horses had to walk, enabling most of us to get out and “foot it” as a relaxation, it seems as if we could never have survived the trip.
The horses were changed three times on the 80-mile trip, normally completed in 17 hours.
Here are the pics I have gathered of stagecoaches used along the Mendocino Coast:
A four horse stagecoach
On stageline from present terminus of the CWR to Willits
Stagecoach in Mendocino
Stagecoach in the County Museum in Willis
Through the woods on the road to Fort Bragg
This vid is from the movie, “Calamity Jane,” starring Doris Day. The first scene shows you how many folks yo could cram inside.
I was in our new library sifting and sorting through a pile of donated magazines when I came across the two pages you see below:
Big River News – November 1984 front page
Big River News – front page February 1985
I have been the historian for our club for ten years or more but I have never heard of nor seen this “mag.” To say the least I am intrigued. I have just two front pages. If anyone has more or knows more I would be delighted to hear from them.
Soon after I came to Fort Bragg in 2000 I became fast friends with Hank Simonson.
Hank was born in 1917. Hank’s father had emigrated from Finland and come to Fort Bragg to join Hank’s uncle falling trees. His father and uncle emigrated to escape from the Russian pogrom. Hake, Hank’s real name in Finnish, was born nine months after his mother arrived. Hank’s family, like many immigrant families, spoke their native language at home and he did not hear and learn English until he went to school. Hank’s father played the violin and his brother was accomplished on several instruments. The Finns were a large community in Fort Bragg and had their own Sulo band – here’s a picture of the band:
Fort Bragg Sulo Band
The Band had ceased to exist many years before I knew Hank. My one and only experience of Finnish Poetry and Folk Songs came when Hank and his beloved wife Flo and I attended what may well have been the last evening of Finnish Folk Song and Poetry ever held in Fort Bragg. Per Wiki, “The folk music of Finland is typically influenced by Karelian traditional tunes and lyrics of the Kalevala metre. Karelian heritage has traditionally been perceived as the purest expression of Finnic myths and beliefs, thought to be spared from Germanic and Slavic influences. ” I was very polite and said I liked it but in all truth I didn’t understand a word of it!
Now you know how I got “into” Finnish Folk Music and Poetry.
Whilst most of our train Club members think I am a right pillock I do have an appreciation of classical music. Recently I have been listening to a VERY talented Finnish violinist named Pekka Kuusisto. Whilst looking up his music up on YouTube I found this vid which is both hilarious and enables you to learn Finnish.
How do I know this? Well, the book, “History of California Post Offices by H.E. Salley” says so. The book says there were two Mendocinos. One, the one we know, is seven miles south of Fort Bragg. There has been a post office there since December 1st, 1858.
The second Mendocino was named after Cape Mendocino and was located 36 miles south of Eureka. The post office was established there on the 19th of October 1852. Cape Mendocino was then part of Mendocino County and later became part of Humboldt County when it was created on 12th of March 1853. Mendocino #2 later became known as Capetown. The post office didn’t last too long – it closed on the 20th of December 1853.
Our website on the history of the Mendocino Coast has, deliberately, included little about the people who lived there – we leave that to the genealogists. So, I was loath to purchase a book with the words “Legendary Locals” in the title. I was glad I did..
First, what is the author talking about in the phrase, “Mendonoma Coast?” This is the author’s map:
Map of Mendonoma
I have added Mendonoma to my lexicon.
I was much taken by some text in the Introduction:
“Historian and novelist Wallace Stegner wrote that, “Local history is the best history, the history with more of ourselves in it than other kinds.” I absolutely agree.
“Poet John Masefield wrote regarding the coast redwoods, “They are not like trees, they are like spirits. The glens in which they grow are not like places, they are like haunts – haunts of the centuries or of the gods. The trees rise up with dignity, power and majesty as though they have been there forever.” How eloquent.
From a logging history the book has little to add to that which I have already chronicled in the website. But, it was a good read. Thank you Tammy Durston.
The Golden State Coast is one of the most treacherous in the world. More than two thousand ships have been lost along the 840 miles of the California coast. Wow! Our website section on ships chronicles many of these losses along the Mendocino Coast. Just how bad the weather can be along the Mendocino Coast may be gained from this quote:
“In November,1885 The Daily Alta California reported, “It has been a month of hurricanes and heavy seas and some of the staunchest vessels have succumbed to the fierce battle of the elements.” The newspaper, the most widely circulated in the State, catalogued the month’s losses: the schooner Hannah Madison, wrecked at Navarro; the schooner Mendocino and Fairy Queen, wrecked off the rocks at Whitesboro and the Anne Gee, lost at the mouth of the Elk River…… From 1887 to 1897 an average of of one vessel was lost every 2 miles along the 195 mile strip of shoreline between Point Arena and Humboldt Bay. That averages out to almost 10 ships lost on that stretch of coast every year of that decade.”
The book contains lots of photos and VERY interesting stories of the tragedies at sea along the Mendocino Coast. At the back of the book is a daunting piece of research – a list of the ships lost from 1540 to 1987. A very interesting read.
Published by History Press in 2014. ISBN 978-1-60949.924.2