The Samjhauta Express – Pakistan And India Lahore to Delhi

Early on in the pandemic I read three books about the occupation of India by the British. The British rule, to say the least, was extremely unkind. I put on my list of vids to find one about trains that crossed the border between India and Pakistan.

On 15 August 1947, the new Dominion of Pakistan (later Islamic Republic of Pakistan), with Muhammad Ali Jinnah as the governor-general; and the Dominion of India, (later Republic of India) with Jawaharlal Nehru as the prime minister, and the viceroy, Louis Mountbatten, staying on as its first governor-general came into being.

The great majority of Indians remained in place with independence, but in border areas millions of people (Muslim, Sikh, and Hindu) relocated across the newly drawn borders. In Punjab, where the new border lines divided the Sikh regions in half, there was much bloodshed; in Bengal and Bihar, where Gandhi’s presence assuaged communal tempers, the violence was more limited. In all, somewhere between 250,000 and 500,000 people on both sides of the new borders, among both the refugee and resident populations of the three faiths, died in the violence. Other estimates of the number of deaths are as high as 1,500,000.

This vid is not so much about a train ride but an exploration of the impact of the partition of India and Pakistan. The vid lasts 59 minutes